Dr. Jose Rizal on FEDERALISM
(By DinggolAranetaDivinagracia -IlonggoNationMovement)
“Once liberated, the islands will adopt probably a federal republic.” –Jose Rizal
In the 1889-1890 issue of La Solidaridad, the mouthpiece of the Filipino reform movement based in mother Spain, Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal published an article titled “Las Filipinas Dentro de Cien Años” (The Philippines a Century Hence).
Contained therein were the national hero’s most prescient essay for a number of bold predictions that included among others, the federal form of government for the Islas –most of which have come to pass.
His prophecy on the issue of federalism, however, moved very slowly through the century, prompting skeptics to make remarks that the national hero had failed with this one.
Evidently, today his prognosis is making waves and catching like wildfire toward the finish line of probable fulfillment with the election of Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Roa Duterte as the 16th President of the Philippines last 2016 mid-term national election. And his alleged stronghold of the majority in both houses of Congress.
Excerpt from: The Philippines a Century Hence (English version)
“. . Absence of any great preponderance of one race over the others will free their imagination from all mad ambitions of domination, and as the tendency of countries that have been tyrannized over, when they once shake off the yoke, is to adopt the freest government, like a boy leaving school, like the beat of the pendulum, by a law of reaction the Islands will probably declare themselves a Federal Republic.
If the Philippines secure their independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, they can rest assured that neither England, nor Germany, nor France, and still less Holland, will dare to take up what Spain has been unable to hold…”
Corollary to this, in the Visayas;
On November 17, 1898: The Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Visayas and Mindanao was proclaimed by General-en-Jefe Martin Delgado during the “Cry of Sta. Barbara” in Iloilo. This was replaced on November 23, 1898, by a politico-military government restricted only to the provinces in the Visayas.
The leaders preferred instead an arrangement of a National Confederacy composed of the separate States of Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao because of the many separate islands of the archipelago in Visayas and Mindanao and since they did not want to recognize the supremacy of Aguinaldo and the Tagalogs over their own.
On November 26, 1898: Twenty (20) days after Spain formally surrendered to the Negros revolutionary forces; in a meeting of the Negros island cantonal government, Gen. Juan “Tan Juan” Araneta sponsored a resolution that was unanimously approved to set up a Federal Republic. “I proposed, that this island, after having attained its liberty and independence by means of a brilliant feat of arms, thus winning an honorable place in the concert of civilized nations, be governed by prestigious men in our country who knows its needs and understand its glorious ideals. For this reason, I believe that the best government to realize the beautiful aspiration of our island, which is also that of the entire Filipino people, is that of a Federal Republic.” This approved resolution was documented by Don Melecio Severino the Secretary-General.
On December 2, 1898 – After series of serious discussions and legitimate deliberations on nation-building, it was decided to consolidate the cantonal governments in both Central and Western Visayas into the Panay government based in Iloilo and thus, was established the “Estado Federal de Bisayas” or the Federal Republic of the Visayas.
And the rest, sabi dah, is history! ~~~